alexa The measurement of happiness: development of the Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (MUNSH).
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy

Author(s): Kozma A, Stones MJ

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Abstract Items of the Affect Balance Scale, the Life Satisfaction Index-Z and the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Scale together with 22 new items were used in the construction of a happiness scale for the elderly. Items were initially administered to 301 subjects from urban, rural, and institutional settings and correlated with ratings of happiness. A new scale consisting of 24 items was cross-validated on an additional 297 subjects. Test-retest reliability scores were obtained on 56 subjects. Results indicated that the new scale was a better predictor of "avowed happiness" in both validation and cross-validation samples than the existing scales used for comparison. Moreover, the new scale's test-rated reliability was within an acceptable range for this type of scale.
This article was published in J Gerontol and referenced in Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy

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