alexa The mechanical phenotype of biglycan-deficient mice is bone- and gender-specific.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Author(s): Wallace JM, Rajachar RM, Chen XD, Shi S, Allen MR,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Biglycan (bgn) is a small leucine-rich proteoglycan (SLRP) enriched in the extracellular matrix of skeletal tissues. While bgn is known to be involved in the growth and differentiation of osteoblast precursor cells and regulation of collagen fibril formation, it is unclear how these functions impact bone's geometric and mechanical properties, properties which are integral to the structural function of bone. Because the genetic control of bone structure and function is both local- and gender-specific and because there is evidence of gender-specific effects associated with genetic deficiencies, it was hypothesized that the engineered deletion of the gene encoding bgn would result in a cortical bone mechanical phenotype that was bone- and gender-specific. In 11-week-old C57BL6/129 mice, the cortical bone in the mid-diaphyses of the femora and tibiae of both genders was examined. Phenotypic changes in bgn-deficient mice relative to wild type controls were assayed by four-point bending tests to determine mechanical properties at the whole bone (structural) and tissue levels, as well as analyses of bone geometry and bone formation using histomorphometry. Of the bones examined, bgn deficiency most strongly affected the male tibiae, where enhanced cross-sectional geometric properties and bone mineral density were accompanied by decreased tissue-level yield strength and pre-yield structural deformation and energy dissipation. Because pre-yield properties alone were impacted, this implies that the gene deletion causes important alterations in mineral and/or the matrix/mineral ultrastructure and suggests a new understanding of the functional role of bgn in regulating bone mineralization in vivo. This article was published in Bone and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th International Conference on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
    August 23-24 , 2017 San Francisco, California ,USA
  • 8th International Conference on Tissue Science and Regenerative Medicine
    September 11-12, 2017 Singapore City, singapore
  • 9th Annual Conference on Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine
    Sep 25-26, 2017 Berlin, Germany
  • 10th World Congress on Stem Cell and Biobanking
    October 23-24, 2017 Osaka, Japan

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version