alexa The metabolic syndrome: prevalence and risk factors in the urban population of Ho Chi Minh City
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Le Nguyen Trung Duc Son, Daisuke Kunii, Nguyen Thi Kim Hung, Tohru Sakai, Shigeru Yamamoto

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The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MeS) and its risk factors in urban population of Ho Chi Minh City. A cross-sectional study was conducted in urban areas of Ho Chi Minh City with 611 participants. The demographic, socio-economic details, anthropometric indexes and blood pressure were recorded. A fasting blood sample was collected for the analyses of glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). MeS was defined by presence of three or more of the following components: abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL-cholesterolemia, high blood pressure and high fasting plasma glucose. The crude prevalence of MeS was 18.5% (95% CI: 15.5-21.9). After age, sex standardization, this prevalence was 12.0% (95% CI: 10.9-13.2). The prevalence increased with age and sedentary work. Subjects with MeS had significantly higher body fat percentage than that of normal subjects. Metabolic syndrome showed a positive association with age, body fat percentage and sedentary occupation. This first study on MeS showed that 12% adults in urban areas of Ho Chi Minh City had metabolic syndrome. It suggests that MeS is becoming a noteworthy health problem in Vietnam and to the early detection and appropriate intervention as well as healthy lifestyle education programs need to be established.

This article was published in Diabetes Res Clin Pract and referenced in Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

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