alexa The microbial engines that drive Earth's biogeochemical cycles.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography

Author(s): Falkowski PG, Fenchel T, Delong EF

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Abstract Virtually all nonequilibrium electron transfers on Earth are driven by a set of nanobiological machines composed largely of multimeric protein complexes associated with a small number of prosthetic groups. These machines evolved exclusively in microbes early in our planet's history yet, despite their antiquity, are highly conserved. Hence, although there is enormous genetic diversity in nature, there remains a relatively stable set of core genes coding for the major redox reactions essential for life and biogeochemical cycles. These genes created and coevolved with biogeochemical cycles and were passed from microbe to microbe primarily by horizontal gene transfer. A major challenge in the coming decades is to understand how these machines evolved, how they work, and the processes that control their activity on both molecular and planetary scales. This article was published in Science and referenced in Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography

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