alexa The murine B cell repertoire is severely selected against endogenous cellular prion protein.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense

Author(s): Grgoire S, Bergot AS, Fraudet C, Carnaud C, Aucouturier P,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Abs to the prion protein (PrP) can protect against experimental prion infections, but efficient Ab responses are difficult to generate because PrP is expressed on many tissues and induces a strong tolerance. We previously showed that immunization of wild-type mice with PrP peptides and CpG oligodeoxynucleic acid overcomes tolerance and induces cellular and humoral responses to PrP. In this study, we compared Ab and T cell repertoires directed to PrP in wild-type and PrP knockout (Prnp o/o) C57BL/6 mice. Animals were immunized with mouse PrP-plasmid DNA or with 30-mer overlapping peptides either emulsified in CFA or CpG/IFA. In Prnp o/o mice, Abs raised by PrP-plasmid DNA immunization recognized only N-terminal PrP peptides; analyses of Ab responses after PrP peptide/CFA immunization allowed us to identify six distinct epitopes, five of which were also recognized by Abs raised by PrP peptides/CpG. By contrast, in wild-type mice, no Ab response was detected after PrP-plasmid DNA or peptide/CFA immunization. However, when using CpG, four C-terminal peptides induced Abs specific for distinct epitopes. Importantly, immune sera from Prnp o/o but not from wild-type mice bound cell surface PrP. Abs of IgG1 and IgG2b subclasses predominated in Prnp o/o mice while the strongest signals were for IgG2b in wild-type mice. Most anti-PrP Th cells were directed to a single epitope in both Prnp o/o and wild-type mice. We conclude that endogenous PrPC expression profoundly affects the Ab repertoire as B cells reactive for epitopes exposed on native PrPC are strongly tolerized. Implications for immunotherapy against prion diseases are discussed.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]m

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords