Author(s): Reidenbach MM
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Abstract The muscular tissue of the vestibular folds was investigated in plastinated serial sections of 32 normal adult larynges. Three muscular systems could be distinguished. A posterolateral muscle layer was found to be developed at the lateral margin of the posterior part of the vestibular fold. Its fibers extended in a sagittal direction, and their contraction probably resulted in an adduction of the entire tissue of the vestibular fold towards the midline. Within the anterior part of the vestibular fold, an anterolateral muscle sheet was seen to attach to the thyroid cartilage. An anteromedial muscular system consisted of scattered groups of muscle fibers situated medially and dorsally to the laryngeal ventricle and saccule. These fibers were presumed to exert a downward pressure on the vestibular folds, in addition to an adductor function. According to clinical experience, adductor movements of the vestibular folds can be trained, even in cases with a recurrent laryngeal nerve lesion, in order to produce a compensatory voice. Thus, the muscles of the vestibular folds are probably innervated by the superior laryngeal nerve.
This article was published in Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
and referenced in Otolaryngology: Open Access