alexa The mutagenicity of edible mushrooms in a histidine-independent bacterial test system.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Grter A, Friederich U, Wrgler FE, Grter A, Friederich U, Wrgler FE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In mutagenicity screening of 40 edible mushroom species, special attention was paid to the selection of the test system, since complex mixtures such as mushroom extracts may interfere with the genetic endpoint of the assay. This paper shows that the weak mutagenicity of some mushrooms in the Ames test, as reported by several authors, is actually an artefact due to the presence of free histidine in the mushroom extracts, which apparently increases the reversion of bacteria from histidine auxotrophy to prototrophy. To avoid amino-acid interaction, a combination of the forward mutation assay to 8-azaguanine resistance in Salmonella typhimurium TM677 and a liquid test was used. Out of 35 wild and commercially grown mushrooms tested, 13 species exhibited mutagenic activity. In the case of the five samples of dried mushrooms, weak mutagenicity could be detected for Auricularia sp. The presence of microsomal enzymes (S-9) reduced the mutagenic effects of all the mushrooms, with the exception of Agaricus abruptibulbus and Cantharellus cibarius, where metabolic activation enhanced the mutagenic activity.
This article was published in Food Chem Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version