Author(s): Kolenda T, Przybya W, Teresiak A, Mackiewicz A, Lamperska KM
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Abstract miRNAs belong to a class of small non-coding RNAs which can modulate gene expression. Disturbances in their expression and function may cause cancer formation, progression and cell response to various types of stress. The let-7 family is one of the most studied groups of miRNAs. The family contains 13 members with similar sequences and a wide spectrum of target genes. In this paper, we mostly focus on one member of the family - let-7d. This miRNA is dysregulated in many types of cancers. It can be over- or down-expressed, and it acts as a tumor suppressor or oncogene. It regulates various genes such as LIN28, C-MYC, K-RAS, HMGA2 and IMP-1. Moreover, let-7d has a significant impact on epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and formation of cancer initiating cells which are resistant to irradiation and chemical exposure and responsible for cancer metastasis. Let-7d can serve as a prognostic and predictive marker for personalization of the treatment. Let-7d is a small RNA with great power, but in different cell genetic backgrounds it acts in different ways, which makes this molecule still mysterious.
This article was published in Contemp Oncol (Pozn)
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy