Author(s): Schmid HH, Schmid PC, Natarajan V
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Abstract Long-chain N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) elicit a variety of biological and pharmacological effects. Anandamide (20:4n-6 NAE) and other polyunsaturated NAEs bind to the cannabinoid receptor and may thus serve as highly specific lipid mediators of cell signalling. NAEs can be formed by phospholipase D-catalyzed hydrolysis of N-acylethanolamine phospholipids or by direct condensation of ethanolamine and fatty acid. So far, most of the latter biosynthetic activity has been shown to be the reverse reaction of the NAE amidohydrolase that catalyzes NAE degradation. Thus, increasing evidence supports the hypothesis that the N-acylation-phosphodiesterase pathway yields not only saturated-monounsaturated NAEs, but polyunsaturated ones, including anandamide, as well.
This article was published in Chem Phys Lipids
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics