Author(s): Bradley EL rd
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Abstract Eleven patients with angiographically demonstrated splenic vein thrombosis associated with chronic pancreatitis were followed for an average of 6.5 yr to determine the natural history of this condition. Repeat angiography was performed in five patients. Significant gastric or gastroesophageal varices were noted in six cases. In another patient, peri-colonic varices and spleno-portal collaterals were demonstrated. Two patients bled massively during follow-up; one from gastric varices and one from colonic varices. Another patient, with known gastric varices, intermittent hematochezia and iron deficiency anemia, underwent surgery. All three patients responded well to splenectomy. Since three of the seven patients with splenic vein thrombosis and significant varices eventually required surgical correction, it may be that the long-term risk of gastrointestinal bleeding exceeds the risks of elective splenectomy in these patients.
This article was published in Int J Pancreatol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports