Author(s): Rapaport A
There is a need for conceptual clarification of both theoretical and empirical terms in Environment-Behavior Studies. This article does this for the case of the “courtyard house” by developing a number of possible criteria to characterize it as a dwelling form. Many examples from a variety of locales and periods, both of individual units and the resulting urban fabric, are shown and discussed. The study suggests that many dwellings which do not resemble the prototypical courtyard house may be classified as such on the basis of some of the criteria developed. Some implications are briefly discussed.