alexa The negative costimulatory molecule PD-1 modulates the balance between immunity and tolerance via miR-21.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Iliopoulos D, Kavousanaki M, Ioannou M, Boumpas D, Verginis P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Disruption of the programmed death-1 (PD-1) pathway leads to breakdown of peripheral tolerance and initiation of autoimmunity. The molecular pathways that mediate this effect remain largely unknown. We report here that PD-1 knockout (PD-1(-/-) ) mice develop more severe and sustained Ag-induced arthritis (AIA) than WT animals, which is associated with increased T-cell proliferation and elevated levels of IFN-γ and IL-17 secretion. MicroRNA analysis of Ag-specific CD4(+) T cells revealed a significant upregulation of microRNA 21 (miR-21) in PD-1(-/-) T cells compared with WT controls. In addition, PD-1 inhibition, via siRNA, upregulated miR-21 expression and enhanced STAT5 binding in the miR-21 promoter area. Computational analysis confirmed that miR-21 targets directly the expression of programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) and overexpression of miR-21 in cells harboring the 3'UTR of PDCD4 resulted in reduced transcription and PDCD4 protein expression. Importantly, in vitro delivery of antisense-miR-21 suppressed the Ag-specific proliferation and cytokine secretion by PD-1(-/-) T cells, whereas adoptive transfer of Ag-specific T cells, overexpressing miR-21, induced severe AIA. Collectively, our data demonstrate that breakdown of tolerance in PD-1(-/-) mice activates a signaling cascade mediated by STAT5, miR-21, and PDCD4 and establish their role in maintaining the balance between immune activation and tolerance. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This article was published in Eur J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]micsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords