Author(s): Joseph BB, Quan PD
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Abstract Netrins are a family of proteins involved in cell migration and axon guidance during embryogenesis. The different functions and mechanisms of action of this family of proteins have been better characterized with the study of the netrin-1. They are chemotropic and act as a bifunctional regulator of neuron migration. Apart from its role in the central nervous system, researchers have proven that netrin-1 plays a role in the development and formation of non-neural tissue, thus netrin-1 is involved in regulation of cancers, cardiovascular diseases, kidney diseases and other diseases. Concerning the cardio-vascular realm, netrin-1 promotes angiogenesis and accelerates atherosclerosis, protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury and reduces the infarct size. These findings make the neuroimmune guidance cue netrin-1 an important therapeutic target. This work seeks to review the subject based on studies that have been conducted over the past decade to identify the perspectives and extent of the research on this protein in the field of cardiology.
This article was published in Am J Cardiovasc Dis
and referenced in Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery