alexa The neuropeptide PACAP attenuates beta-amyloid (1-42)-induced toxicity in PC12 cells.


International Journal of Advance Innovations, Thoughts & Ideas

Author(s): Onoue S, Endo K, Ohshima K, Yajima T, Kashimoto K

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) modulates neurotransmission in the central and peripheral nervous systems. In vitro and in vivo studies have shown the protective effects of PACAP against neuronal damage induced by ischemia and agonists of NMDA-type glutamate receptors. Here, we demonstrated that PACAP also protected against neuronal toxicity induced by beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide, aggregation of which is a causative factor for Alzheimer's disease. PACAP (10(-9)M) rescued 80\% of decreased cell viability and 50\% of elevated caspase-3 activity that resulted from exposure of PC12 cells to Abeta. PACAP was at least 10(4)-fold more effective than other neuropeptides including vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and humanin, which correlated with the level of cAMP accumulation. Thus, our results suggested that PACAP attenuates Abeta-induced cell death in PC12 cells through an increase in cAMP and that caspase-3 deactivation by PACAP is involved in the signaling pathway for this neuroprotection. Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Inc.
This article was published in Peptides and referenced in International Journal of Advance Innovations, Thoughts & Ideas

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version