alexa The neuropharmacokinetics of temozolomide in patients with resectable brain tumors: potential implications for the current approach to chemoradiation.
Medicine

Medicine

Drug Designing: Open Access

Author(s): Portnow J, Badie B, Chen M, Liu A, Blanchard S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: Intracerebral microdialysis (ICMD) is an accepted method for monitoring changes in neurochemistry from acute brain injury. The goal of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of using ICMD to examine the neuropharmacokinetics of temozolomide in brain interstitium following oral administration. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients with primary or metastatic brain tumors had a microdialysis catheter placed in peritumoral brain tissue at the time of surgical debulking. Computerized tomography scan confirmed the catheter location. Patients received a single oral dose of temozolomide (150 mg/m2) on the first postoperative day, serial plasma and ICMD samples were collected over 24 hours, and temozolomide concentrations were determined by tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Nine patients were enrolled. Dialysate and plasma samples were successfully collected from seven of the nine patients. The mean temozolomide areas under the concentration-time curve (AUC) in plasma and brain interstitium were 17.1 and 2.7 microg/mL x hour, with an average brain interstitium/plasma AUC ratio of 17.8\%. The mean peak temozolomide concentration in the brain was 0.6 +/- 0.3 microg/mL, and the mean time to reach peak level in brain was 2.0 +/- 0.8 hours. CONCLUSIONS: The use of ICMD to measure the neuropharmacokinetics of systemically administered chemotherapy is safe and feasible. Concentrations of temozolomide in brain interstitium obtained by ICMD are consistent with published data obtained in a preclinical ICMD model, as well as from clinical studies of cerebrospinal fluid. However, the delayed time required to achieve maximum temozolomide concentrations in brain suggests that current chemoradiation regimens may be improved by administering temozolomide 2 to 3 hours before radiation.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res and referenced in Drug Designing: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords