alexa The neutrophilic inflammatory phenotype is associated with systemic inflammation in asthma.


Journal of Allergy & Therapy

Author(s): Wood LG, Baines KJ, Fu J, Scott HA, Gibson PG

Abstract Share this page

BACKGROUND: The role of systemic inflammation in asthma is unclear. The aim of this study was to compare systemic inflammation in subjects with stable asthma, categorized by airway inflammatory phenotype, with healthy control subjects. METHODS: Adults with stable asthma (n = 152) and healthy control subjects (n = 83) underwent hypertonic saline challenge and sputum induction. Differential leukocyte counts were performed on selected sputum. Plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels and sputum IL-8 and neutrophil elastase levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Sputum IL-8 receptor α (IL-8RA) and IL-8 receptor β (IL-8RB) messenger RNA expression were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Subjects with asthma were classified as having nonneutrophilic asthma or neutrophilic asthma. The asthma (neutrophilic) group had increased systemic inflammation compared with the asthma (nonneutrophilic) and healthy control groups, with median (interquartile range) CRP levels of 5.0 (1.6-9.2), 1.8 (0.9-5.3), and 1.8 (0.8-4.1) mg/L (P = .011), respectively, and IL-6 levels of 2.1 (1.5-3.1), 1.4 (1.0-2.1), and 1.1 (0.8-1.5) pg/mL (P < .001), respectively. The proportion of subjects with elevated CRP and IL-6 levels was also higher in the asthma (neutrophilic) group. Sputum IL-8 and neutrophil elastase protein and IL-8RA and IL-8RB gene expression were significantly increased in the asthma (neutrophilic) group. In multiple regression analysis of subjects with asthma, sex, BMI, statin use, and percent sputum neutrophils were significant predictors of log(10)CRP. Sex, BMI, and %FEV(1) were significant predictors of log(10)IL-6. CONCLUSIONS: Systemic inflammation is increased in patients with asthma with neutrophilic airway inflammation and associated with worse clinical outcomes. Systemic inflammation may contribute to the pathophysiology of neutrophilic asthma

This article was published in Chest and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version