alexa The N-linked glycan g15 within the V3 loop of the HIV-1 external glycoprotein gp120 affects coreceptor usage, cellular tropism, and neutralization.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Journal of Glycobiology

Author(s): Polzer S, Dittmar MT, Schmitz H, Schreiber M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We have studied infectivity and neutralization of X4, R5, and R5X4 tropic HIV-1 mutants, which are lacking N-linked glycosylation sites for glycans g13, g14, g15, and g17 in the V3 loop region of gp120. X4-tropic NL4-3 mutants lacking combinations of g14/15 or g15/17 showed markedly higher infectivity in CXCR4-specific infection. The role of g15 in CCR5-specific infection was investigated using viruses with high (NL-918, R5-monotropic), medium (NL-991, R5-monotropic), and low (NL-952, R5X4-dualtropic) CCR5-specific infectivity. For NL-991, a reduction of infectivity on GHOST-CCR5 cells was observed for a mutant lacking g15. For NL-952 mutants all lacking g15, a complete loss of CCR5-specificity was observed and NL-952 was shifted from R5X4 to X4 tropism. For all mutants of NL4-3, NL-991, and NL-952, where the lack of g15 markedly influenced infectivity or coreceptor usage, neutralization was enhanced. In contrast, NL-918 mutants with or without g15 showed no difference in neutralization and no difference in GHOST-CCR5 infection rates. Thus, for viruses with a low or medium CCR5-specificity the role of g15 for changing CCR5-usage and sensitivity to neutralization was more significant than for viruses with high infection rates on GHOST-CCR5 cells. Our data demonstrate that V3 glycans play an important role in the usage of CXCR4 and CCR5. The lack of g15 was relevant for a more efficient use of CXCR4, whereas interaction with CCR5 was facilitated in the presence of g15. This study also demonstrates that glycan g15 is involved in blocking of neutralizing antibodies and shifting HIV tropism from R5X4 to X4.
This article was published in Virology and referenced in Journal of Glycobiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 4th International Conference on Glycobiology and Glycochemistry
    July 16-18, 2018 Melbourne, Australia
  • 4th Glycobiology World Congress
    September 17-19, 2018 Rome, Italy
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords