Author(s): Polzer S, Dittmar MT, Schmitz H, Schreiber M
Abstract Share this page
Abstract We have studied infectivity and neutralization of X4, R5, and R5X4 tropic HIV-1 mutants, which are lacking N-linked glycosylation sites for glycans g13, g14, g15, and g17 in the V3 loop region of gp120. X4-tropic NL4-3 mutants lacking combinations of g14/15 or g15/17 showed markedly higher infectivity in CXCR4-specific infection. The role of g15 in CCR5-specific infection was investigated using viruses with high (NL-918, R5-monotropic), medium (NL-991, R5-monotropic), and low (NL-952, R5X4-dualtropic) CCR5-specific infectivity. For NL-991, a reduction of infectivity on GHOST-CCR5 cells was observed for a mutant lacking g15. For NL-952 mutants all lacking g15, a complete loss of CCR5-specificity was observed and NL-952 was shifted from R5X4 to X4 tropism. For all mutants of NL4-3, NL-991, and NL-952, where the lack of g15 markedly influenced infectivity or coreceptor usage, neutralization was enhanced. In contrast, NL-918 mutants with or without g15 showed no difference in neutralization and no difference in GHOST-CCR5 infection rates. Thus, for viruses with a low or medium CCR5-specificity the role of g15 for changing CCR5-usage and sensitivity to neutralization was more significant than for viruses with high infection rates on GHOST-CCR5 cells. Our data demonstrate that V3 glycans play an important role in the usage of CXCR4 and CCR5. The lack of g15 was relevant for a more efficient use of CXCR4, whereas interaction with CCR5 was facilitated in the presence of g15. This study also demonstrates that glycan g15 is involved in blocking of neutralizing antibodies and shifting HIV tropism from R5X4 to X4.
This article was published in Virology
and referenced in Journal of Glycobiology