alexa The obstetric vesicovaginal fistula: characteristics of 899 patients from Jos, Nigeria.


Tropical Medicine & Surgery

Author(s): Wall LL, Karshima JA, Kirschner C, Arrowsmith SD, Wall LL, Karshima JA, Kirschner C, Arrowsmith SD

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of women with obstetric vesicovaginal fistulas at a hospital in north central Nigeria. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective record review was conducted of all women who were seen with vesicovaginal fistulas at Evangel Hospital in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria, between January 1992 and June 1999. RESULTS: A total of 932 fistula cases were identified, of which 899 cases (96.5\%) were associated temporally with labor and delivery. The "typical patient" was small and short (44 kg and <150 cm); had been married early (15.5 years) but was now divorced or separated; was uneducated, poor, and from a rural area; had developed her fistula as a primigravida during a labor that lasted at least 2 days and which resulted in a stillborn fetus. CONCLUSION: Obstetric vesicovaginal fistula is extremely common in north central Nigeria. A complex interaction that involves multiple biologic and socioeconomic factors appears to predispose young women to this devastating childbirth injury. This article was published in Am J Obstet Gynecol and referenced in Tropical Medicine & Surgery

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