alexa The occurrence of obstructive vs absorptive hydrocephalus in newborns and infants: relevance to treatment choices.
Neurology

Neurology

Brain Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): BeniAdani L, Biani N, BenSirah L, Constantini S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The classification of hydrocephalus in newborns and in infants is different from the classification in adulthood. This difference exists due to disparity in the source pathologies that produce the hydrocephalus, and the practical distinctions in prognosis and treatment choices. The objective of this paper is to present the spectrum of obstructive-communicating hydrocephalus, which is more complex in the pediatric group, and to propose the relevance of this particular classification to treatment options. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors categorized infants with active hydrocephalus at time of presentation into the following four groups along the spectrum of communicating vs obstructive HCP. Group 1: patients with a purely absorptive (communicating) HCP. In these patients, tetraventricular dilatation is usually observed with occasional extraaxial fluid accumulation. An extracranial CSF diversion (shunt) is the treatment of choice. Group 2: patients with an obstructive component together with a persistent absorptive component. In these patients, a technically successful endoscopic procedure will not prevent progression of clinical symptoms of HCP. An extracranial CSF diversion (shunt) should be the treatment of choice even though some of these patients are currently treated by endoscopy. Group 3: patients with an obstructive component together with a temporary absorptive component. In these patients, a technically successful ETV should be followed by temporary CSF drainage [via LP, continuous spinal drainage (CLD), or ventriculostomy] with or without supplemental medical treatment (i.e., Diamox) for several days. Such temporary drainage may decrease failure rate in this subgroup. Group 4: patients with a purely obstructive HCP. In these patients, an endoscopic procedure (ETV) is the treatment of choice. According to this spectrum classification, the authors classify different entities with representative cases and discuss relevancy to treatment options and prognosis. RESULTS: The data suggest that obstructive hydrocephalus in the very young population may be rather a combination of obstructive and absorptive problem. The outcome of the patient depends mainly not only on the basic pathology causing the hydrocephalus but also on the treatment that is chosen and its complications. While bleeding and infection represent the major causes for communicating hydrocephalus, patients with complex pathologies of congenital type and intra- or interventricular obstructions may reflect obstructive hydrocephalus. Treatment of these patients may be successful by shuntless procedures if the absorptive problem is not the major component. In transient absorptive hydrocephalus, temporary measures were effective in many cases leading to successful procedures of ETV and/or posterior-fossa decompression in selected cases. CONCLUSIONS: Shuntless procedures are the dream of a pediatric neurosurgeon provided it solves the problem and does not imply unacceptable risk. However, the benefit has to be evaluated years after the procedure is performed, as only prospective multicenter studies will truly show which procedure may have the best overall results in the developing child. Until such studies are available, understanding the basic pathology or the combination of pathologies leading to hydrocephalus in a given child may open the window of opportunities for other than shunt surgery in many hydrocephalic children with major obstructive component. This article was published in Childs Nerv Syst and referenced in Brain Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

agriaquaculture@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

biochemjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemistryjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

clinicaljournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineeringjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

nutritionjournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

generalscience@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

geneticsmolbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immunomicrobiol@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

nursinghealthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medicaljournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuropsychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

pharmajournals@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords