alexa The optical detection of individual DNA-conjugated gold nanoparticle labels after metal enhancement.

Journal of Clinical Diabetes & Practice

Author(s): Cski A, Kaplanek P, Mller R, Fritzsche W

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Abstract The detection of DNA using nanoparticles as labels is an interesting alternative to the standard fluorescence technique. It requires simpler detection equipment, resulting in higher stability and lower costs. Besides easier detection, metal enhancement allows a higher sensitivity of detection. The signal-response curve for labelled DNA before and after silver enhancement was studied, applying both atomic force microscope (AFM) and optical (reflection/transmission) measurements. The dynamic range and the sensitivity were determined for nanoparticle labelling with and without metal enhancement. Nanoparticle concentrations down to the fM range could be detected. The ultimate limit of detection, the identification of individual labels, is demonstrated for the optical readout. Therefore, AFM images of the particles were correlated with the optical signal of individual or clustered particles. We demonstrate that the optical signal allows the identification of single particles. This article was published in Nanotechnology and referenced in Journal of Clinical Diabetes & Practice

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