Author(s): Santucci D, Attard N
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Abstract PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the oral health-related quality of life in state institutionalized older adults and correlate it to their oral health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 278 older adults (average age: 83.5±6.5 years) from 9 state institutions in Malta was randomly selected. Participants were clinically examined and answered three questionnaires (Oral Health Impact Profile [OHIP-14], Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index [GOHAI], and Denture Satisfaction). RESULTS: Oral health-related quality of life measurements were significantly associated with pocket depth (OHIP-14 and GOHAI, P<.05); decayed, missing, or filled teeth (OHIP-14 and GOHAI, P<.05); carious teeth (OHIP-14 and GOHAI, P<.05); number of missing teeth (OHIP-14 and GOHAI, P<.05); and maxillary and mandibular dentures (OHIP-14 and GOHAI, P<.0001). Denture satisfaction was associated with denture age (P=.010) and types of prostheses (P<.05). CONCLUSION: Institutionalized older adults have high levels of oral disease. Although oral health-related quality of life is generally good, those participants with a poorer oral health-related quality of life had significant associations with poor oral health. However, the extent varies with the individual's perception of good health.
This article was published in Int J Prosthodont
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research