Author(s): Li X, Zhou L, Feng YH, AbdulKarim FW, Gorodeski GI
Abstract Share this page
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine expression of the P2X(7) receptor in normal and in cancer uterine tissues. The rationale was that the receptor P2X(7) regulates constitutive apoptosis in uterine epithelial cells, and previous studies showed diminished P2X(7)-mediated apoptosis in cancer uterine cells compared with normal cells. METHODS: A clinical, experimental feasibility study. Normal (n = 42) and cancer uterine tissues (n = 47) were obtained from a total of 72 women ages 25 to 75. End points for P2X(7) mRNA were quantitative PCR and in situ hybridization, and end points for P2X(7) protein were Western blots and immunostaining using anti-P2X(7) antibody. RESULTS: (a) In normal uteri, P2X(7) mRNA and protein were expressed predominantly in the epithelial (endometrial, endocervical, and ectocervical) cells. (b) Expression of the P2X(7) mRNA and protein was absent from endometrial and endocervical adenocarcinoma tissues and from cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues. (c) In cervical dysplasia, P2X(7) protein was absent in the dysplastic lesions. (d) Semiquantitative analysis using P2X(7) mRNA (normalized in each tissue to the constitutive glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase) and P2X(7) protein levels (normalized in each tissue to the constitutive tubulin) revealed that P2X(7) mRNA and/or protein levels can distinguish uterine normal from cancer tissues at high degrees of sensitivity (92\%, 100\%) and specificity (100\%, 90\%). SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS: (a) Levels of the P2X(7) are lower in uterine epithelial cancer tissues than in the corresponding normal tissues. (b) The data suggest that tissue P2X(7) mRNA and protein levels could be used as a novel biomarker to differentiate normal and cancer uterine epithelial tissues.
This article was published in Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta