Author(s): Shimada S, Hiraki K, Oda I
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Abstract One hypothesis on how we recognize an image of, for example, an arm as our own is through the co-occurrence of multiple sensory feedbacks, especially visual and proprioceptive feedbacks, in this process. It has been suggested that the parietal lobe is the region where proprioceptive and visual information of one's own body is integrated. This study investigated parietal cortical activity during a visual-proprioceptive synchrony judgment task in which visual feedback of the subjects' own passively moving hand was delayed. The subjects were required to judge whether or not there was a delay between the proprioceptive and visual feedbacks. Parietal cortical activity, which was measured using a 48-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) apparatus, appeared to be modulated by the length of the delay between the visual and proprioceptive feedbacks. The bilateral superior/middle parietal areas were involved in experiencing the synchrony between the visual and proprioceptive feedbacks, whereas the right inferior parietal areas were strongly activated when discrepancy between the two feedbacks was detected. We postulate that the superior portion of the parietal lobe is essential for maintaining one's own body image, while the right inferior portion is involved in detecting movements of others.
This article was published in Neuroimage
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry