Author(s): Matthias Hesse, Ciriaco A Piccirillo, Yasmine Belkaid, Jeannette Prufer, Margaret MentinkKane
IL-10 reduces immunopathology in many persistent infections, yet the contribution of IL-10 from distinct cellular sources remains poorly defined. We generated IL-10/recombination-activating gene (RAG)2-deficient mice and dissected the role of T cell- and non-T cell-derived IL-10 in schistosomiasis by performing adoptive transfers. In this study, we show that IL-10 is generated by both the innate and adaptive immune response following infection, with both sources regulating the development of type-2 immunity, immune-mediated pathology, and survival of the infected host. Importantly, most of the CD4+ T cell-produced IL-10 was confined to a subset of T cells expressing CD25. These cells were isolated from egg-induced granulomas and exhibited potent suppressive activity in vitro. Nevertheless, when naive, naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ cells were depleted in adoptive transfers, recipient IL-10/RAG2-deficient animals were more susceptible than RAG2-deficient mice, confirming an additional host-protective role for non-T cell-derived IL-10. Thus, innate effectors and regulatory T cells producing IL-10 cooperate to reduce morbidity and prolong survival in schistosomiasis.