Author(s): He H, Li MW, Niu CS
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Abstract Brain tumor stem cells (BTSC) are predicted to be critical drivers of tumor progression due to their self-renewal capacity and limitless proliferative potential. Recent studies suggest that stem cells are controlled by a particular microenvironment known as a "niche". We therefore analysed human glioma tissues and found that the CD133(+) and nestin(+) niches are perivascularly localized in all glioma tissues. Furthermore, there is a positive correlation between the CD133(+) niches and CD133(+) blood vessels, which is similar to the correlation between the nestin(+) niches and nestin(+) blood vessels. We demonstrate that both CD133(+) blood vessels and nestin(+) blood vessels have an important role in maintaining the structure of the glioma stem cell niche. Moreover, the abundance of CD133(+) niches and nestin(+) niches increases significantly as tumor grade increases. These findings provide a new insight into the biology of BTSC and open a new perspective for targeted therapy against the brain tumors. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Clin Neurosci
and referenced in Translational Medicine