Author(s): Friedlander AH, Yagiela JA, Paterno VI, Mahler ME
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Abstract Autism is a lifelong, severe, developmental disorder that appears initially in infancy and early childhood and impairs the acquisition of some of the most important skills in human life. The disease is characterized by impaired social interactions, verbal and nonverbal communication deficiencies, limited activities and interest, and repetitive behaviors. Often accompanying the disorder are behavioral disturbances, such as self-mutilation and aggression, psychiatric symptoms, and seizures, which necessitate the administration of multiple medications to help the affected individual participate effectively in the educational and rehabilitative process. Dentists caring for these people must be familiar with the manifestations of the disease and its associated features so that they can garner the maximum level of cooperation. They must also be familiar with the medications used to treat the associated features of the disorder because many of these pharmaceuticals cause untoward orofacial and systemic reactions and may precipitate adverse interactions with dental therapeutic agents.
This article was published in J Calif Dent Assoc
and referenced in Autism-Open Access