alexa The pattern of pediatric surgical conditions in Tikur Anbessa Unversity Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery

Author(s): Derbew M, Ahmed E

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess the pattern and extent of pediatric surgical problems. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all pediatric patients who had surgery at the TAUH over a five-year period RESULTS: A total of 6070 surgical procedures were done, accounting for 31\% of all operations and 33\% of all pediatric admissions to the hospital The patients were predominantly male (M:F ratio of 2:1) with a mean age of 68 months. Congenital anomalies, trauma and inflammation cause most of the diseases, 37\%, 17.1\% and 16.8\% respectively. The gastrointestinal system was most commonly affected (41.8\%) followed by the musculoskeletal system (23\%). The study demonstrates the presence of a wide range of pediatric surgical conditions that may cause significant health problems among children. Acute appendicitis was the commonest surgical condition, seen in 729 (12\%) children and foreign body aspiration or swallowing in 331 (5.5\%) cases. Several diagnoses were related with poor surgical care such as: post burn contracture (177), post circumcision phimosis (71) and chronic osteomyelitis (71). CONCLUSION: It is suggested that improving the management of pediatrics surgical conditions would significantly reduce morbidity.
This article was published in Ethiop Med J and referenced in Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery

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