Author(s): Shibue M, Mant CT, Hodges RS
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Abstract The addition of salts, specifically sodium perchlorate (NaClO4), to mobile phases at acidic pH as ion-pairing reagents for reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) has been generally overlooked. To demonstrate the potential of NaClO4 as an effective anionic ion-pairing reagent, we applied RP-HPLC in the presence of 0-100 mM sodium chloride (NaCl), sodium trifluoroacetate (NaTFA) or NaClO4 to two mixtures of synthetic 18-residue peptides: a mixture of peptides with the same net positive charge (+4) and a mixture of four peptides of +1, +2, +3 and +4 net charge. Interestingly, the effect of increasing NaClO4 concentration on increasing peptide retention times and selectivity changes was more dramatic than that of either NaCl or NaTFA, with the order of increasing anion effectiveness being Cl- << TFA- < C104-. Such effects were more marked when salt addition was applied to eluents containing 10 mM phosphoric acid (H3PO4) compared to 10 mM trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) due to the lesser starting anion hydrophobicity of the former mobile phase (containing the phosphate ion) compared to the latter (containing the TFA- ion).
This article was published in J Chromatogr A
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques