Author(s): Wessler JD, Grip LT, Mendell J, Giugliano RP
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Abstract Permeability glycoprotein (P-gp) mediates the export of drugs from cells located in the small intestine, blood-brain barrier, hepatocytes, and kidney proximal tubule, serving a protective function for the body against foreign substances. Intestinal absorption, biliary excretion, and urinary excretion of P-gp substrates can therefore be altered by either the inhibition or induction of P-gp. A wide spectrum of drugs, such as anticancer agents and steroids, are known P-gp substrates and/or inhibitors, and many cardiovascular drugs have recently been observed to have clinically relevant interactions as well. We review the interactions among commonly prescribed cardiovascular drugs that are P-gp substrates and observe interactions involving P-gp that may be relevant to clinical practice. Cardiovascular drugs with narrow therapeutic indexes (e.g., antiarrhythmic agents, anticoagulant agents) have demonstrated large increases in concentrations when coadministered with potent P-gp inhibitors, thus increasing the risk for drug toxicity. Therefore, dose adjustment or use of alternative agents should be considered when strong P-gp-mediated drug-drug interactions are present. Finally, interactions between novel drugs and known P-gp inhibitors are now being systematically evaluated during drug development, and recommended guidelines for the administration of P-gp substrate drugs will be expanded. Copyright © 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Am Coll Cardiol
and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics