Author(s): Albi E, Magni MV
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Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: It has been shown that cholesterol is necessary in early G1 phase during cell duplication. In the present research we have studied the presence of cholesterol in the hepatocyte chromatin lipid fraction and its behaviour in liver regeneration. METHODS: Hepatocyte nuclei and chromatin were isolated from normal and regenerating rat liver. The lipid fraction was extracted and analysed by chromatography. The activity of sphingomyelin-synthase in the chromatin was evaluated using labelled phosphatidylcholine. RESULTS: In the chromatin, the amount of cholesterol is similar to that of sphingomyelin, and it increases in chromatin digested with exogenous sphingomyelinase or proteinase K. It may be concluded that a complex, formed by cholesterol, sphingomyelin and proteins, is present in the chromatin. The particular affinity between sphingomyelin and cholesterol in chromatin with respect the nuclear membrane may be tentatively explained as due to the enrichment in saturated fatty-acids of the chromatin sphingomyelin. Moreover the cholesterol inhibits the chromatin sphingomyelin-synthase activity. During liver regeneration, an increase in chromatin cholesterol is observed between 6 and 18 h after hepatectomy, when the neutral-sphingomyelinase activity increases and the sphingomyelin-synthase is inhibited. CONCLUSIONS: The cholesterol is present in the chromatin and its amount changes in relation to cell proliferation in regenerating liver.
This article was published in J Hepatol
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques