Author(s): AlMaskari F, ElSadig M, Norman JN
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a major public health problem in the UAE with a prevalence rate reaching 24\% in national citizens and 17.4\% in expatriates. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of macrovascular complications among diabetic patients in the Al-Ain district of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: The study was part of a general cross-sectional survey carried out to assess the prevalence of diabetes (DM) complications among known diabetic patients in Al-Ain District, UAE. Patients were randomly selected during 2003/2004. Patients completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire carried out by treating doctors and underwent a complete medical assessment including measurement of height, weight, blood pressure and examination for evidence of macrovascular complications. A standard ECG was recorded and blood samples were taken to document fasting blood sugar, glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1C) and lipid profile. RESULTS: A sample of 513 diabetic patients was selected with a mean age of 53 years (SD +/- 13.01). Overall, 29.5\% of DM patients had evidence of macrovascular complications: 11.6\% (95\% CI: 8.8-14.4) of patients had peripheral vascular disease (PVD), 14.4\% (95\% CI: 11.3-17.5) had a history of coronary artery disease (CAD) and 3.5\% (95\% CI: 1.9-5.1\%) had cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Of the total population surveyed 35\% (95\%CI: 30.8-39) had hypertension. The analysis showed that macrovascular complications in diabetic patients were more common among males, increased with age, were more common among hypertensive patients and its prevalence increased steadily with duration of DM. CONCLUSION: Our data revealed a significant association between hypertension and presence of macrovascular disease among diabetic patients. However, the risk of CAD in the UAE was relatively low compared to that seen in patients in other geographical settings. In addition, a lack of correlation between macrovascular disease and glycemic control among patients with DM was observed.
This article was published in Cardiovasc Diabetol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism