alexa The protein kinase PKB Akt regulates cell survival and apoptosis by inhibiting Bax conformational change.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Yamaguchi H, Wang HG

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Abstract The serine-threonine kinase Akt exerts its anti-apoptotic effects through several downstream targets, including the pro-apoptotic Bc1-2 family member Bad, Forkhead transcription factors, and the cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB). In this report we demonstrate that Akt inhibits a conformational change in the pro-apoptotic Bax protein and its translocation to mitochondria, thus preventing the disruption of the mitochondrial inner membrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)), caspase-3 activation, and apoptosis in pre-B hematopoietic cells FL5.12 following interleukin-3 (IL-3) withdrawal. Inhibition of PI-3 kinase, but not MAPK kinase, promotes this conformational change in Bax. Moreover, overexpression of Akt suppresses the relocalization of GFP-Bax to mitochondria and apoptosis in Hela cells induced by the DNA-damaging agent methyl methanesulphonate. However, Akt does not abolish the ability of a conformationally changed Bax mutant, GFP-Bax (DeltaS184), to translocate to mitochondria and to induce apoptosis. These findings indicate that Akt exerts its anti-apoptotic effects in cells at a premitochondrial stage, at least in part, by inhibiting Bax conformational change and its redistribution to the mitochondrial membranes. This article was published in Oncogene and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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