Author(s): Di Simplicio P, Cheeseman KH, Slater TF
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Abstract The reactivity of the SH group of bovine serum albumin (BSA) towards free radicals generated by several different systems including gamma-radiolysis and hydrogen peroxide/metal salt mixtures was investigated. On exposure of BSA (1 mg/ml and 5 mg/ml) to HO. radicals generated radiolytically the protein-SH concentration was found to decrease in a dose-dependent manner. At 40 mg/ml albumin no loss of SH was observed. O2-. and HO2. radicals were much less aggressive towards the SH group. The effect of divalent metal salts (copper or iron) plus hydrogen peroxide was studied separately and in combination. H2O2 alone caused a decrease in SH group concentration the rate of which was not decreased by the presence of desferrioxamine and so was apparently not due to reactions catalysed by adventitious metal ions. Copper alone caused a dose-dependent decrease in SH group concentration and the mixture of the two agents caused a greater loss of SH than each separate component. However, this latter effect was again resistant to the effects of desferrioxamine. The SH group of BSA was only moderately sensitive to the presence of ferrous iron alone and in a system containing both ferrous iron and H2O2 rates of SH oxidation were obtained that were identical to those obtained with H2O2 alone. Desferrioxamine again did not alter the rate of SH oxidation in these experiments. We suggest that the highly reactive free radical HO. is not able to reach and to oxidize the SH group of BSA when generated by metal/H2O2 mixtures, in contrast to HO. generated radiolytically. Less reactive radicals and non-radical species such as H2O2 have more potential for doing so.
This article was published in Free Radic Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy