Author(s): Boileau C, Pelletier JP, Tardif G, Fahmi H, Laufer S,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: MMP-13 is one of the most important metalloproteases (MMP) involved in osteoarthritis. Licofelone, a novel dual inhibitor of cyclo-oxygenases (COX) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX), can modulate MMP-13 production in human osteoarthritis chondrocytes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of licofelone on MMP-13 expression/production, promoter, and major MAP kinase signalling pathways and transcription factors. METHODS: Human osteoarthritis chondrocytes were stimulated by interleukin 1beta (IL1beta) and treated with or without: licofelone (0.3, 1, or 3 mug/ml); NS-398 (10 muM; a specific COX-2 inhibitor); or BayX-1005 (10 muM; a specific 5-LOX inhibitor). MMP-13 synthesis was determined by specific enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, and expression by real time polymerase chain reaction. The effect of licofelone on the MMP-13 promoter was studied through transient transfection; dexamethasone (10(-7) M) was used as comparison. The effect on IL1beta induced MMP-13 signalling pathways was determined using specific ELISA for phosphorylated MAP kinases and transcription factors. RESULTS: Licofelone dose dependently inhibited the IL1beta stimulated production and expression of MMP-13. NS-398 and BayX-1005 had very little effect. Licofelone also inhibited MMP-13 transcription on each of the promoter constructs used. The licofelone inhibition was comparable to that obtained with dexamethasone. Licofelone had no effect on phosphorylated p44/42 or JNK1/2; however, it decreased phosphorylated c-jun and inhibited phosphorylated p38, CREB, and AP-1 activity. CONCLUSIONS: Licofelone inhibited MMP-13 production under proinflammatory conditions on human osteoarthritis chondrocytes, through inhibition of the p38/AP-1 pathway and the transcription factor CREB. This may explain some of the mechanisms whereby licofelone exerts its positive effect on osteoarthritic changes.
This article was published in Ann Rheum Dis
and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering