Author(s): Chothia C, Lesk AM
Abstract Homologous proteins have regions which retain the same general fold and regions where the folds differ. For pairs of distantly related proteins (residue identity approximately 20\%), the regions with the same fold may comprise less than half of each molecule. The regions with the same general fold differ in structure by amounts that increase as the amino acid sequences diverge. The root mean square deviation in the positions of the main chain atoms, delta, is related to the fraction of mutated residues, H, by the expression: delta(A) = 0.40 e1.87H.