alexa The Relationship between Landscape Design Style and the Conservation Value of Parks: A Case Study of Ahistorical Park in Weimar, Germany.


Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology

Author(s): Kmmerling M, Mller N

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Urban parks can be invasion sources through planting of introduced taxa. On the other hand, parks may act as hot spots of biodiversity in urban areas and can support the preservation of endangered and rare taxa. Even if historic urban parks are evaluated first of all as heritage sites, they are also credited for their ecosystem services and positive aesthetical and social values. Although there are numerous studies in Europe on the design, philosophies and historical background of parks as well as their biological diversity, little research has posed the question of how landscape design principles have influenced the biological conservation value of parks. Because the landscape park style was one of the most influential historical landscape design fashions in Europe we focused our study on the ‘Park an der Ilm’ in Weimar, Germany which was created in the late 18th century and is since 1998 part of the UNESCO World heritage. Our research questions were: 1. Which design principles, plant material and technical implementation were used during the creation and management of the park? 2. What is the current value of the park for biological conservation especially for the conservation of endangered plant species and habitats? 3. What is the relationship between design principles and the present-day value of the park? We compared our results with similar landscape parks and made suggestions for future sustainable park design, restoration and management.

This article was published in Landscape and Urban Planning and referenced in Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology

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