Author(s): Simon A Moss, Simon Ngu
This study examined whether personality, as represented by the five-factor model, influences preferences towards leadership styles. To explore this issue, 166 nursing employees completed a questionnaire that assessed their personality and preferred leadership style. Extraversion and conscientiousness coincided with favorable attitudes towards transformational leaders. Agreeableness and openness were inversely related to attitudes towards transactional leadership. Neuroticism was positively associated, but agreeableness was negatively associated, with attitudes towards laissez-faire leadership. Finally, extraversion and neuroticism moderated the impact of agreeableness and conscientiousness on attitudes towards laissez-faire leadership. These findings suggest the merits of transformational and transactional leadership might depend on the personality of followers.