Author(s): Monyeki KD, Sekhotha MM, Monyeki KD, Sekhotha MM, Monyeki KD, Sekhotha MM, Monyeki KD, Sekhotha MM
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Height is required for the assessment of growth and nutritional status, as well as for predictions and standardization of physiological parameters. To determine whether arm span, mid-upper arm and waist circumferences and sum of four skinfolds can be used to predict height, the relationships between these anthropometric variables were assessed among Ellisras rural children aged 8-18 years. DESIGN: The following parameters were measured according to the International Society for the Advancement of Kinathropometry: height, arm span, mid-upper arm circumference, waist circumference and four skinfolds (suprailiac, subscapular, triceps and biceps). Associations between the variables were assessed using Pearson correlation coefficients and linear regression models. SETTING: Ellisras Longitudinal Study (ELS), Limpopo Province, South Africa. SUBJECTS: Boys (n 911) and girls (n 858) aged 8-18 years. RESULTS: Mean height was higher than arm span, with differences ranging from 4 cm to 11·5 cm between boys and girls. The correlation between height and arm span was high (ranging from 0·74 to 0·91) with P<0·001. The correlation between height and mid-upper arm circumference, waist circumference and sum of four skinfolds was low (ranging from 0·15 to 0·47) with P<0·00 among girls in the 15-18 years age group. CONCLUSIONS: Arm span was found to be a good predictor of height. The sum of four skinfolds was significantly associated with height in the older age groups for girls, while waist circumference showed a negative significant association in the same groups.
This article was published in Public Health Nutr
and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy