Author(s): Koshimura Y, Nakagomi T, Nakagomi O
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Abstract Since rotavirus vaccines aim to protect children from severe diarrhea, knowledge of the prevailing G serotypes among rotaviruses from hospitalized children is essential. Thus, we determined the G serotypes of rotaviruses collected from children with acute diarrhea in a local referral hospital in Akita, Japan, over the 10-year period between January 1987 and December 1996. Based on the assumption that rotaviruses with an identical electropherotype possess the same G serotype, the G serotypes of 488 rotavirus-positive specimens that were classified into 63 electropherotypes were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with a supplementary use of G typing by reverse transcription-PCR. The relative frequencies over the 10-year period were 77.0 (G1), 14.5 (G2), 2.7 (G3) and 5.3\% (G4), leaving the possibility that only 0.4\% had G serotypes uncommon to human rotaviruses. Of 24,050 rotaviruses extracted by reviewing 63 serotyping studies in literature, the relative frequencies of the four major G serotypes were 50.6 (G1), 9.3 (G2), 7.2 (G3) and 11.6\% (G4). As to uncommon G serotypes, only 0.9\% were described as serotypes other than G1-4, and our estimate for potential uncommon serotypes were at most 8.1\%. Thus, both this long-term study focusing on the rotaviruses only from severe cases in a single hospital in Japan and the global review of G serotypes published to date indicate that the primary target of any rotavirus vaccines should be rotaviruses possessing serotypes G1-4.
This article was published in Microbiol Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination