alexa The release of leukotrienes in the respiratory tract during infection with respiratory syncytial virus: role in obstructive airway disease.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Virology & Mycology

Author(s): Volovitz B, Welliver RC, De Castro G, Krystofik DA, Ogra PL

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Samples of nasopharyngeal secretions from a group of 73 infants with bronchiolitis or upper respiratory illness alone during infection with respiratory syncytial virus were analyzed for leukotriene C4 (LTC4) content using a reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography assay with confirmation by radioimmunoassay. Titers of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-specific IgE in nasopharyngeal secretion (NPS) specimens were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The highest concentrations of LTC4 were found in the first 3 to 8 days after the onset of illness, and LTC4 was detectable in progressively lower concentrations in samples obtained up to 28 days after the onset of illness. LTC4 was detected in samples of NPS obtained in the acute phase of illness from 67\% of infants with bronchiolitis due to RSV and in 33\% of samples of NPS obtained during the same interval from infants with upper respiratory illness alone (p less than 0.025). Concentrations of LTC4 in children with bronchiolitis were 5-fold higher (1271 pg/ml) than the mean concentration of LTC4 in children with upper respiratory illness (224 pg/ml, p less than 0.02). LTC4 was detected in 83\% of the children developing an RSV-IgE response and in 24\% of subjects not developing an RSV-IgE response (p less than 0.001). Quantities of LTC4 measured in NPS were directly correlated with the magnitude of the RSV-IgE response in secretions (r = 0.33, p less than 0.02). These studies lend support to previous investigations suggesting that severe bronchiolitis due to RSV results from IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions to viral antigens, with release of chemical mediators of airway obstruction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) This article was published in Pediatr Res and referenced in Virology & Mycology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords