Author(s): Geurts BH, Andriessen TM, Goraj BM, Vos PE
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study compares inter-rater-reliability, lesion detection and clinical relevance of T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR), T2*-gradient recalled echo (T2*-GRE) and Susceptibility Weighted Imaging (SWI) in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). METHODS: Three raters retrospectively scored 56 TBI patients' MR images (12-76 years old, median TBI-MRI interval 7 weeks) on number, volume, location and intensity. Punctate lesions (diameter <10 mm) were scored separately from large lesions (diameter ≥ 10 mm). Injury severity was assessed with the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), outcome with the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOSE). RESULTS: Inter-rater-reliability for lesion volume and punctate lesion count was good (ICC = 0.69-0.94) except for punctate lesion count on T2WI (ICC = 0.19) and FLAIR (ICC = 0.15). SWI showed the highest number of lesions (mean = 30.0), followed by T2*-GRE (mean = 15.4), FLAIR (mean = 3.1) and T2WI (mean = 2.2). Sequences did not differ in detected lesion volume. Punctate lesion count on T2*-GRE (r = -0.53) and SWI (r = -0.49) correlated with the GCS (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: T2*-GRE and SWI are more sensitive than T2WI and FLAIR in detecting (haemorrhagic) traumatic punctate lesions. The correlation between number of punctate lesions on T2*-GRE/SWI and the GCS indicates that haemorrhagic lesions are clinically relevant. The considerable inter-rater-disagreement in this study advocates cautiousness in interpretation of punctate lesions using T2WI and FLAIR.
This article was published in Brain Inj
and referenced in Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology