alexa The renin-angiotensin system and blood pressure: differences between blacks and whites.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): He J, Klag MJ, Appel LJ, Charleston J, Whelton PK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although blacks have lower plasma renin activity compared to whites, the corresponding differences in serum angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) levels have not been well studied. Furthermore, few studies have examined the relationship of renin activity and ACE levels to blood pressure (BP) in blacks. We addressed these questions in a cross-sectional study conducted in 110 blacks and 183 whites who were not on antihypertensive medications. Three BP readings were obtained during a clinic visit. Plasma renin activity was assayed by radioimmunoassay and serum ACE levels were measured by spectrophotometry. Mean systolic and diastolic BP were 122.6 and 77.9 mm Hg in the blacks, and 123.4 and 77.9 mm Hg in the whites, respectively. Plasma renin activity was significantly lower in the blacks compared to the whites (0.92 v 1.26 ng/mL/h, respectively, P < .05), but ACE levels were similar in both groups (28.8 v 29.6 U/L, respectively). Renin activity was significantly and inversely associated with systolic and diastolic BP in both the blacks and the whites. ACE levels, however, were inversely associated with BP in the blacks but positively associated with BP in the whites (P = .02 for interaction on diastolic BP), even after adjustment for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), alcohol consumption, and heart rate. The corresponding interaction between ACE level and race on systolic BP was of borderline significance (P = .06). These results suggest that levels of ACE are similar in blacks and whites but their association with BP is possibly reflecting underlying ethnic differences in regulation of BP.
This article was published in Am J Hypertens and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords