alexa The response of Parp knockout mice against DNA damaging agents.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Masutani M, Nozaki T, Nakamoto K, Nakagama H, Suzuki H,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Gene-disruption studies involving poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (Parp) have identified the various roles of Parp in cellular responses to DNA damage. The partial rescue of V[D]J recombination process in SCID/Parp(-/-) double mutant mice indicates the participation of Parp in the repair of DNA strand break. Parp(-/-) mice are more sensitive to the lethal effects of alkylating agents. Parp is also thought to be involved in base-excision repair after DNA damage caused by alkylating agents. On the other hand, resistance of Parp(-/-) mice to DNA damage induced by reactive oxygen species implicates the contribution of Parp to cell death through NAD depletion. Parp(-/-) mice with two different genetic backgrounds also show enhanced sensitivity to the lethal effects of gamma-irradiation. Parp(-/-) mice show more severe villous atrophy of the small intestine compared to the wild-type counterpart in a genetic background of 129Sv/C57BL6. Other forms of enhanced tissue damage have been identified in Parp(-/-) mice with a genetic background of 129Sv/ICR. For example, Parp(-/-) mice exhibit extensive hemorrhage in the glandular stomach and other tissues, such as the testes, after gamma-irradiation. Severe myelosuppression is also observed in both Parp(+/+) and Parp(-/-) mice, but Parp(+/+) mice show extensive extramedullary hematopoiesis in the spleen during the recovery phase of post-irradiation, whereas the spleen of Parp(-/-) mice exhibits severe atrophy with no extramedullary hematopoiesis. The absence of extramedullary hematopoiesis in the spleen is probably the underlying mechanism of hemorrhagic tendency in various tissues of Parp(-/-) mice. These findings suggest that loss of Parp activity could contribute to post-irradiation tissue hemorrhage.
This article was published in Mutat Res and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]csonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords