Author(s): WilkinsonBerka JL, Agrotis A, Deliyanti D
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Abstract In the present review we examine the experimental and clinical evidence for the presence of a local renin-angiotensin system within the retina. Interest in a pathogenic role for the renin-angiotensin system in retinal disease originally stemmed from observations that components of the pathway were elevated in retina during the development of certain retinal pathologies. Since then, our knowledge about the contribution of the RAS to retinal disease has greatly expanded. We discuss the known functions of the renin-angiotensin system in retinopathy of prematurity and diabetic retinopathy. This includes the promotion of retinal neovascularization, inflammation, oxidative stress and neuronal and glial dysfunction. The contribution of specific components of the renin-angiotensin system is evaluated with a particular focus on angiotensin II and aldosterone and their cognate receptors. The therapeutic utility of inhibiting key components of the renin-angiotensin system is complex, but may hold promise for the prevention and improvement of vision threatening diseases. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Peptides
and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome