alexa The revised tumor-node-metastasis staging system for lung cancer: changes and perspectives.


Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Andrade FM, Mourad OM, Judice LF

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Abstract The tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system for lung cancer has been modified since its first edition in the late 1960s. Its seventh edition has been recently published and, for the first time, a truly worldwide database was analyzed in order to propose modifications in the staging. Significant changes have been made in the tumor and metastasis descriptors. Although the recommendations for the node descriptor have remained unchanged, the analysis of the factors related to this descriptor suggests that modifications will be made in the future. The forthcoming revisions of the TNM staging system might take the molecular aspects of lung cancer into consideration, aiming at a more refined staging system.
This article was published in J Bras Pneumol and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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