alexa The risk of HIV drug resistance following implementation of pre-exposure prophylaxis.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): van de Vijver DA, Boucher CA, van de Vijver DA, Boucher CA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Results of trials determining if pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with antiretroviral drugs prevents transmission of HIV are expected soon. Tenofovir and emtricitabine--currently evaluated as PrEP--are popular in treatment of HIV. Drug resistance could, therefore, be critical in the use of PrEP. We review the literature regarding risks associated with drug resistance owing to PrEP. RECENT FINDINGS: Few studies addressed the issue of drug resistance to tenofovir and/or emtricitabine. Studies in HIV-1-infected individuals followed small numbers of patients for a short time. Studies in macaques were well designed, but used SHIV, which has an attenuated course of infection. The available information suggests that the probability of emergence of drug resistance is small. Infections that occurred despite use of PrEP had reduced peak viremia, which could reduce HIV transmissibility. Mathematical modeling suggests that, although transmitted drug resistance may under some circumstances increase, the benefits of PrEP outweigh the risks associated with resistance. SUMMARY: Tenofovir and emtricitabine are recommended in first-line treatment. The potentially limited impact of drug resistance should, therefore, be confirmed in daily practice. Surveillance of drug resistance is recommended in areas where PrEP is used. Patients that became infected despite use of PrEP should be closely monitored for virological failure. This article was published in Curr Opin Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords