Author(s): Wolinsky FD, Callahan CM, Fitzgerald JF, Johnson RJ
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Abstract This article examines the effects of the characteristics specified in the behavioral model of health services utilization and measured at baseline on the subsequent risk of nursing home placement and death within four years. Analyses of the 5,151 respondents in the Longitudinal Study on Aging indicate that the risk for nursing home placement is greater for older adults, Whites, those who lived alone, persons with telephones, those with fewer nonkin social supports, those who did not feel that they had much control over their future health, those with more household ADL or lower body limitations, and those who had been in the hospital during the year prior to baseline, or in a nursing home at any time before baseline. Among the 549 respondents placed in nursing homes, the risk of dying there was greater for older adults, men, those who had not lived in multigenerational households, persons who did not worry about their health, individuals with more upper body limitations, and respondents having a history of valvular heart disease or cancer. The odds of dying were 2.74 times greater among the 549 respondents placed in nursing homes than among the 4,602 respondents who remained in the community.
This article was published in J Gerontol
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research