alexa The role of androgens and the androgen receptor in prostate cancer.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Author(s): Debes JD, Tindall DJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Prostate cancer (PCa) is the leading diagnosed malignancy in men in western countries. The relationship between androgens and the androgen receptor (AR) has been studied extensively in PCa. Plasma levels of androgens show variations between different populations, and in many cases this correlates with PCa susceptibility. Indeed, exposure of the fetus to higher androgen concentrations appears to be a risk factor for PCa. The AR is present in the majority of PCa, and its activation by androgens leads to different proliferative, apoptotic and angiogenic events. These events are in turn mediated by dysregulation of cyclin-dependent kinases, apoptotic factors and even mutations in the AR. Although androgen ablation has been the mainstay non-surgical treatment for this disease, most tumors will eventually become refractory to treatment. Different cellular mechanisms appear to be involved in the androgen-independent progression of PCa, including cytokine and growth factor-mediated activation of the AR as well as neuroendocrine differentiation. Thus, an understanding of the cellular mechanisms involved in androgen action may lead to better therapeutic targets for PCa.
This article was published in Cancer Lett and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Molecular & Cancer Biomarkers
    August 23-24, 2017 Birmingham, UK
  • 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging and Diagnosis
    London, UK
  • 22nd International Conference on Cancer Drugs and Therapeutics
    Paris, France
  • International Conference on Oncology Nursing and Cancer Care
    Singapore City, Singapore
  • World Summit on Cell Signalling and Cancer Therapy
    Toronto, Canada
  • International Conference on Radiology and Imaging
    New York, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version