alexa The role of cellular polysaccharides in the formation and stability of aerobic granules.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering

Author(s): Tay JH, Liu QS, Liu Y

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIMS: This paper attempts to investigate the role of cellular polysaccharides in the formation and stability of aerobic granules. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three column sequential aerobic sludge blanket reactors (R1, R2 and R3) were operated at a superficial air upflow velocity of 0.3 cm s(-1), 1.2 cm s(-1) and 2.4 cm s(-1), respectively. Aerobic granules appeared at cycle 42 in R2 and R3 with a mean size of 0.37 mm in R2 and 0.35 mm in R3, however, aerobic granulation was not observed in R1. After the formation of aerobic granules, the sludge volume index (SVI) decreased to 55 ml g(-1) in R2 and 46 ml g(-1) in R3. Aerobic granulation was concurrent with a sharp increase of cellular polysaccharides normalized to cellular proteins, which increased from 5.7 to 13.0 mg per mg proteins in R2, and 7.5-13.9 mg per mg protein in R3. The content of polysaccharides in aerobic granules was 2-3 times higher than that in the bioflocci cultivated in R1. The disappearance of aerobic granules in R2 was tightly coupled to a drop in cellular polysaccharides. After the reappearance of bioflocci in R2, the content of cellular polysaccharides were found to be restored to the level observed in R1. CONCLUSION: It appears that the production of cellular polysaccharides could be stimulated by hydrodynamic shear force and contributes to the formation and stability of aerobic granules. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: It is expected that this study would provide useful information for better understanding the mechanisms of aerobic granulation.
This article was published in Lett Appl Microbiol and referenced in Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords