alexa The role of connexin40 in atrial fibrillation.
Medicine

Medicine

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Chaldoupi SM, Loh P, Hauer RN, de Bakker JM, van Rijen HV

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Connexin40 (Cx40) is a major gap-junction protein in the atrial myocardium. In the heart, gap junctions are responsible for cell-to-cell conduction of the action potential. In several cardiac diseases, the expression of connexins is changed and is associated with increased propensity for arrhythmias. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in man with a diverse clinical presentation, different underlying mechanisms, and difficult treatment. The vulnerability to arrhythmias of the heart is determined by the combined presence of an arrhythmogenic substrate and initiating triggers. The arrhythmogenic substrate is formed by reduced effective refractory period, enhanced spatial dispersion of refractoriness, or abnormal atrial impulse conduction. Initiating triggers of AF most frequently originate from firing foci in the pulmonary veins and/or superior caval vein. Prolonged episodes of AF result in electrical and structural remodelling that favours the reoccurrence or perpetuation of AF. This electrical remodelling embodies changes in Cx40 expression and distribution, both in the atrial myocardium itself and in the thoracic veins. In addition, Cx40 gene mutations or polymorphisms give an inherited predisposition to AF. This review focuses on the role of Cx40 in AF, showing that abnormal Cx40 expression is correlated with both trigger formation from the thoracic veins as well as enhanced vulnerability of the atrial myocardium to AF. This article was published in Cardiovasc Res and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Human Anatomy and Physiology Congress
    November 2-3, 2017 Atlanta, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords